President: Asif Ali Zardari (2008),Prime minister: Yousaf Raza Gilani (2008), Capital: Islamabad,Land area: 300,664 sq mi (778,720 sq km); total area: 310,401 sq mi (803,940 sq km), Population (2009 est.): 176,242,949

Sunday, May 16, 2010

Geography of Pakistan

Located in the northwestern part of the South Asian subcontinent, Pakistan became a state as a result of the partition of British India on August 14, 1947. Pakistan annexed Azad (Free) Kashmir after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-48.

Initially, Pakistan also included the northeastern sector of the subcontinent, where Muslims are also in the majority. The East Wing and West Wing of Pakistan were, however, separated by 1,600 kilometers of hostile Indian territory. The country's East Wing, or East Pakistan, became the independent state of Bangladesh in December 1971.

Pakistan occupies a position of great geostrategic importance, bordered by Iran on the west, Afghanistan on the northwest, China on the northeast, India on the east, and the Arabian Sea on the south. The total land area is estimated at 803,940 square kilometers.

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